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Philippians - The Epistle of St. Paul to the Philippians

By Vexen Crabtree 2012

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Title: Philippians
Section: New Testament

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Chapters in Philippians:
1  2  3  4 
Total verses: 104

13 of the books of the Christian New Testament are the epistles (letters) of St. Paul, and Paul is the earliest and first Christian author for which we have historical writings1. Seven were probably written by Paul himself and six others have been written in his name by (anonymous) followers, some up to 80 years after his death. By the time the official Bible canon was produced, no-one knew that only some were genuine. The historical Paul probably did write 1 Thessalonians, Galatians, 1 Corinthians and 2 Corinthians, Philippians, Philemon and Romans. Letters forged in the name of Paul are 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus, Ephesians, Colossians and 2 Thessalonians.2. Paul was born in Tarsus as "Saul" and adopted the name of Paul after converting to what is now Christianity. He was an early leader of the growing Christian churches around the Roman Empire, and the writings of St. Paul are the earliest existing Christian writings known to historians. Despite this, Paul never met Jesus and appears to rely mostly on Greek myths and legends, many of which he copied, placing Jesus at the center of them instead of their original heroes.

"St Paul - History, Biblical Epistles, Gnosticism and Mithraism" by Vexen Crabtree (1999)


1. The 4 chapters of Philippians (104 verses)

Philippians chapter 1 (30 verses)

KJVYLTNotes
1Paul and Timotheus, the servants of Jesus Christ, to all the saints in Christ Jesus which are at Philippi, with the bishops and deacons:Paul and Timotheus, servants of Jesus Christ, to all the saints in Christ Jesus who are in Philippi, with overseers and ministrants;
2Grace be unto you, and peace, from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ.Grace to you, and peace from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.
3I thank my God upon every remembrance of you,I give thanks to my God upon all the remembrance of you,
4Always in every prayer of mine for you all making request with joy,always, in every supplication of mine for you all, with joy making the supplication,
5For your fellowship in the gospel from the first day until now;for your contribution to the good news from the first day till now,
6Being confident of this very thing, that he which hath begun a good work in you will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ:having been confident of this very thing, that He who did begin in you a good work, will perform `it' till a day of Jesus Christ,
7Even as it is meet for me to think this of you all, because I have you in my heart; inasmuch as both in my bonds, and in the defence and confirmation of the gospel, ye all are partakers of my grace.according as it is righteous for me to think this in behalf of you all, because of my having you in the heart, both in my bonds, and `in' the defence and confirmation of the good news, all of you being fellow-partakers with me of grace.
8For God is my record, how greatly I long after you all in the bowels of Jesus Christ.For God is my witness, how I long for you all in the bowels of Jesus Christ,
9And this I pray, that your love may abound yet more and more in knowledge and in all judgment;and this I pray, that your love yet more and more may abound in full knowledge, and all judgment,
10That ye may approve things that are excellent; that ye may be sincere and without offence till the day of Christ.for your proving the things that differ, that ye may be pure and offenceless -- to a day of Christ,
11Being filled with the fruits of righteousness, which are by Jesus Christ, unto the glory and praise of God.being filled with the fruit of righteousness, that `is' through Jesus Christ, to the glory and praise of God.
12But I would ye should understand, brethren, that the things which happened unto me have fallen out rather unto the furtherance of the gospel;And I wish you to know, brethren, that the things concerning me, rather to an advancement of the good news have come,
13So that my bonds in Christ are manifest in all the palace, and in all other places;so that my bonds have become manifest in Christ in the whole praetorium, and to the other places -- all,
14And many of the brethren in the Lord, waxing confident by my bonds, are much more bold to speak the word without fear.and the greater part of the brethren in the Lord, having confidence by my bonds, are more abundantly bold -- fearlessly to speak the word.
15Some indeed preach Christ even of envy and strife; and some also of good will:Certain, indeed, even through envy and contention, and certain also through good-will, do preach the Christ;
16The one preach Christ of contention, not sincerely, supposing to add affliction to my bonds:the one, indeed, of rivalry the Christ do proclaim, not purely, supposing to add affliction to my bonds,
17But the other of love, knowing that I am set for the defence of the gospel.and the other out of love, having known that for defence of the good news I am set:
18What then? notwithstanding, every way, whether in pretence, or in truth, Christ is preached; and I therein do rejoice, yea, and will rejoice.what then? in every way, whether in pretence or in truth, Christ is proclaimed -- and in this I rejoice, yea, and shall rejoice.
19For I know that this shall turn to my salvation through your prayer, and the supply of the Spirit of Jesus Christ,For I have known that this shall fall out to me for salvation, through your supplication, and the supply of the Spirit of Christ Jesus,
20According to my earnest expectation and my hope, that in nothing I shall be ashamed, but that with all boldness, as always, so now also Christ shall be magnified in my body, whether it be by life, or by death.according to my earnest expectation and hope, that in nothing I shall be ashamed, and in all freedom, as always, also now Christ shall be magnified in my body, whether through life or through death,
21For to me to live is Christ, and to die is gain.for to me to live `is' Christ, and to die gain.
22But if I live in the flesh, this is the fruit of my labour: yet what I shall choose I wot not.And if to live in the flesh `is' to me a fruit of work, then what shall I choose? I know not;
23For I am in a strait betwixt two, having a desire to depart, and to be with Christ; which is far better:for I am pressed by the two, having the desire to depart, and to be with Christ, for it is far better,
24Nevertheless to abide in the flesh is more needful for you.and to remain in the flesh is more necessary on your account,
25And having this confidence, I know that I shall abide and continue with you all for your furtherance and joy of faith;and of this being persuaded, I have known that I shall remain and continue with you all, to your advancement and joy of the faith,
26That your rejoicing may be more abundant in Jesus Christ for me by my coming to you again.that your boasting may abound in Christ Jesus in me through my presence again to you.
27Only let your conversation be as it becometh the gospel of Christ: that whether I come and see you, or else be absent, I may hear of your affairs, that ye stand fast in one spirit, with one mind striving together for the faith of the gospel;Only worthily of the good news of the Christ conduct ye yourselves, that, whether having come and seen you, whether being absent I may hear of the things concerning you, that ye stand fast in one spirit, with one soul, striving together for the faith of the good news,
28And in nothing terrified by your adversaries: which is to them an evident token of perdition, but to you of salvation, and that of God.and not terrified in anything by those opposing, which to them indeed is a token of destruction, and to you of salvation, and that from God;
29For unto you it is given in the behalf of Christ, not only to believe on him, but also to suffer for his sake;because to you it was granted, on behalf of Christ, not only to believe in him, but also on behalf of him to suffer;
30Having the same conflict which ye saw in me, and now hear to be in me.the same conflict having, such as ye saw in me, and now hear of in me.

Philippians chapter 2 (30 verses)

KJVYLTNotes
1If there be therefore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of love, if any fellowship of the Spirit, if any bowels and mercies,If, then, any exhortation `is' in Christ, if any comfort of love, if any fellowship of spirit, if any bowels and mercies,

Philippians 2:10 is mentioned on Proverbs Chapter 6: 3.0. Proverbs 6:12-15 - Troublemakers and villains will be destroyed by God, with no chance for redemption

Philippians 2:10 is discussed on Universalism: If there is a Good God, Everyone Must Go to Heaven: 8. Christian Arguments for Universalism

Some comments on Philippians 2:10 are on Christian Universalism in Matthew and Luke: Parables of the Vineyard Workers and the Lost Sheep: 1. Scripture Sometimes Presents a Universal Salvation for All, and Sometimes Only a Select Salvation for Some

2Fulfil ye my joy, that ye be likeminded, having the same love, being of one accord, of one mind.fulfil ye my joy, that ye may mind the same thing -- having the same love -- of one soul -- minding the one thing,
3Let nothing be done through strife or vainglory; but in lowliness of mind let each esteem other better than themselves.nothing in rivalry or vain-glory, but in humility of mind one another counting more excellent than yourselves --
4Look not every man on his own things, but every man also on the things of others.each not to your own look ye, but each also to the things of others.
5Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:For, let this mind be in you that `is' also in Christ Jesus,
6Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:who, being in the form of God, thought `it' not robbery to be equal to God,
7But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men:but did empty himself, the form of a servant having taken, in the likeness of men having been made,
8And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.and in fashion having been found as a man, he humbled himself, having become obedient unto death -- death even of a cross,
9Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name:wherefore, also, God did highly exalt him, and gave to him a name that `is' above every name,
10That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth;that in the name of Jesus every knee may bow -- of heavenlies, and earthlies, and what are under the earth --
11And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.and every tongue may confess that Jesus Christ `is' Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
12Wherefore, my beloved, as ye have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling.So that, my beloved, as ye always obey, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, with fear and trembling your own salvation work out,
13For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure.for God it is who is working in you both to will and to work for His good pleasure.
14Do all things without murmurings and disputings:All things do without murmurings and reasonings,
15That ye may be blameless and harmless, the sons of God, without rebuke, in the midst of a crooked and perverse nation, among whom ye shine as lights in the world;that ye may become blameless and harmless, children of God, unblemished in the midst of a generation crooked and perverse, among whom ye do appear as luminaries in the world,
16Holding forth the word of life; that I may rejoice in the day of Christ, that I have not run in vain, neither laboured in vain.the word of life holding forth, for rejoicing to me in regard to a day of Christ, that not in vain did I run, nor in vain did I labour;
17Yea, and if I be offered upon the sacrifice and service of your faith, I joy, and rejoice with you all.but if also I am poured forth upon the sacrifice and service of your faith, I rejoice and joy with you all,
18For the same cause also do ye joy, and rejoice with me.because of this do ye also rejoice and joy with me.
19But I trust in the Lord Jesus to send Timotheus shortly unto you, that I also may be of good comfort, when I know your state.And I hope, in the Lord Jesus, Timotheus to send quickly to you, that I also may be of good spirit, having known the things concerning you,
20For I have no man likeminded, who will naturally care for your state.for I have no one like-minded, who sincerely for the things concerning you will care,
21For all seek their own, not the things which are Jesus Christ's.for the whole seek their own things, not the things of the Christ Jesus,
22But ye know the proof of him, that, as a son with the father, he hath served with me in the gospel.and the proof of him ye know, that as a child `serveth' a father, with me he did serve in regard to the good news;
23Him therefore I hope to send presently, so soon as I shall see how it will go with me.him, indeed, therefore, I hope to send, when I may see through the things concerning me -- immediately;
24But I trust in the Lord that I also myself shall come shortly.and I trust in the Lord that I myself also shall quickly come.
25Yet I supposed it necessary to send to you Epaphroditus, my brother, and companion in labour, and fellowsoldier, but your messenger, and he that ministered to my wants.And I thought `it' necessary Epaphroditus -- my brother, and fellow-workman, and fellow-soldier, and your apostle and servant to my need -- to send unto you,
26For he longed after you all, and was full of heaviness, because that ye had heard that he had been sick.seeing he was longing after you all, and in heaviness, because ye heard that he ailed,
27For indeed he was sick nigh unto death: but God had mercy on him; and not on him only, but on me also, lest I should have sorrow upon sorrow.for he also ailed nigh to death, but God did deal kindly with him, and not with him only, but also with me, that sorrow upon sorrow I might not have.
28I sent him therefore the more carefully, that, when ye see him again, ye may rejoice, and that I may be the less sorrowful.The more eagerly, therefore, I did send him, that having seen him again ye may rejoice, and I may be the less sorrowful;
29Receive him therefore in the Lord with all gladness; and hold such in reputation:receive him, therefore, in the Lord, with all joy, and hold such in honour,
30Because for the work of Christ he was nigh unto death, not regarding his life, to supply your lack of service toward me.because on account of the work of the Christ he drew near to death, having hazarded the life that he might fill up your deficiency of service unto me.

Philippians chapter 3 (21 verses)

KJVYLTNotes
1Finally, my brethren, rejoice in the Lord. To write the same things to you, to me indeed is not grievous, but for you it is safe.As to the rest, my brethren, rejoice in the Lord; the same things to write to you to me indeed is not tiresome, and for you `is' sure;

Philippians 3:4: See Ephesians - The Epistle of St. Paul to the Ephesians: 4.1. The Author of the Epistle to the Ephesians Did Not Know Paul Well

2Beware of dogs, beware of evil workers, beware of the concision.look to the dogs, look to the evil-workers, look to the concision;
3For we are the circumcision, which worship God in the spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh.for we are the circumcision, who by the Spirit are serving God, and glorying in Christ Jesus, and in flesh having no trust,
4Though I might also have confidence in the flesh. If any other man thinketh that he hath whereof he might trust in the flesh, I more:though I also have `cause of' trust in flesh. If any other one doth think to have trust in flesh, I more;
5Circumcised the eighth day, of the stock of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, an Hebrew of the Hebrews; as touching the law, a Pharisee;circumcision on the eighth day! of the race of Israel! of the tribe of Benjamin! a Hebrew of Hebrews! according to law a Pharisee!
6Concerning zeal, persecuting the church; touching the righteousness which is in the law, blameless.according to zeal persecuting the assembly! according to righteousness that is in law becoming blameless!
7But what things were gain to me, those I counted loss for Christ.But what things were to me gains, these I have counted, because of the Christ, loss;
8Yea doubtless, and I count all things but loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count them but dung, that I may win Christ,yes, indeed, and I count all things to be loss, because of the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord, because of whom of the all things I suffered loss, and do count them to be refuse, that Christ I may gain, and be found in him,
9And be found in him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith:not having my righteousness, which `is' of law, but that which `is' through faith of Christ -- the righteousness that is of God by the faith,
10That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death;to know him, and the power of his rising again, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being conformed to his death,
11If by any means I might attain unto the resurrection of the dead.if anyhow I may attain to the rising again of the dead.
12Not as though I had already attained, either were already perfect: but I follow after, if that I may apprehend that for which also I am apprehended of Christ Jesus.Not that I did already obtain, or have been already perfected; but I pursue, if also I may lay hold of that for which also I was laid hold of by the Christ Jesus;
13Brethren, I count not myself to have apprehended: but this one thing I do, forgetting those things which are behind, and reaching forth unto those things which are before,brethren, I do not reckon myself to have laid hold; and one thing -- the things behind indeed forgetting, and to the things before stretching forth --
14I press toward the mark for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus.to the mark I pursue for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus.
15Let us therefore, as many as be perfect, be thus minded: and if in any thing ye be otherwise minded, God shall reveal even this unto you.As many, therefore, as `are' perfect -- let us think this, and if `in' anything ye think otherwise, this also shall God reveal to you,
16Nevertheless, whereto we have already attained, let us walk by the same rule, let us mind the same thing.but to what we have come -- by the same rule walk, the same thing think;
17Brethren, be followers together of me, and mark them which walk so as ye have us for an ensample.become followers together of me, brethren, and observe those thus walking, according as ye have us -- a pattern;
18(For many walk, of whom I have told you often, and now tell you even weeping, that they are the enemies of the cross of Christ:for many walk of whom many times I told you -- and now also weeping tell -- the enemies of the cross of the Christ!
19Whose end is destruction, whose God is their belly, and whose glory is in their shame, who mind earthly things.)whose end `is' destruction, whose god `is' the belly, and whose glory `is' in their shame, who the things on earth are minding.
20For our conversation is in heaven; from whence also we look for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ:For our citizenship is in the heavens, whence also a Saviour we await -- the Lord Jesus Christ --
21Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body, according to the working whereby he is able even to subdue all things unto himself.who shall transform the body of our humiliation to its becoming conformed to the body of his glory, according to the working of his power, even to subject to himself the all things.

Philippians chapter 4 (23 verses)

KJVYLTNotes
1Therefore, my brethren dearly beloved and longed for, my joy and crown, so stand fast in the Lord, my dearly beloved.So then, my brethren, beloved and longed for, my joy and crown, so stand ye in the Lord, beloved.

Philippians 4:6 : See Prayer to God in Christianity and Islam: It is Useless and Satanic!: 4. Prayer in Christianity

Philippians 4:6 is referenced on What Does the Christian Bible say About Prayer? How Should Christians Pray?

Philippians 4:6 comments: What Does the Christian Bible say About Prayer? How Should Christians Pray?: 2. Pray a Lot - But Use Not Repetitions

2I beseech Euodias, and beseech Syntyche, that they be of the same mind in the Lord.Euodia I exhort, and Syntyche I exhort, to be of the same mind in the Lord;
3And I intreat thee also, true yokefellow, help those women which laboured with me in the gospel, with Clement also, and with other my fellowlabourers, whose names are in the book of life.and I ask also thee, genuine yoke-fellow, be assisting those women who in the good news did strive along with me, with Clement also, and the others, my fellow-workers, whose names `are' in the book of life.
4Rejoice in the Lord alway: and again I say, Rejoice.Rejoice in the Lord always; again I will say, rejoice;
5Let your moderation be known unto all men. The Lord is at hand.let your forbearance be known to all men; the Lord `is' near;
6Be careful for nothing; but in every thing by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto God.for nothing be anxious, but in everything by prayer, and by supplication, with thanksgiving, let your requests be made known unto God;
7And the peace of God, which passeth all understanding, shall keep your hearts and minds through Christ Jesus.and the peace of God, that is surpassing all understanding, shall guard your hearts and your thoughts in Christ Jesus.
8Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things are honest, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report; if there be any virtue, and if there be any praise, think on these things.As to the rest, brethren, as many things as are true, as many as `are' grave, as many as `are' righteous, as many as `are' pure, as many as `are' lovely, as many as `are' of good report, if any worthiness, and if any praise, these things think upon;
9Those things, which ye have both learned, and received, and heard, and seen in me, do: and the God of peace shall be with you.the things that also ye did learn, and receive, and hear, and saw in me, those do, and the God of the peace shall be with you.
10But I rejoiced in the Lord greatly, that now at the last your care of me hath flourished again; wherein ye were also careful, but ye lacked opportunity.And I rejoiced in the Lord greatly, that now at length ye flourished again in caring for me, for which also ye were caring, and lacked opportunity;
11Not that I speak in respect of want: for I have learned, in whatsoever state I am, therewith to be content.not that in respect of want I say `it', for I did learn in the things in which I am -- to be content;
12I know both how to be abased, and I know how to abound: every where and in all things I am instructed both to be full and to be hungry, both to abound and to suffer need.I have known both to be abased, and I have known to abound; in everything and in all things I have been initiated, both to be full and to be hungry, both to abound and to be in want.
13I can do all things through Christ which strengtheneth me.For all things I have strength, in Christ's strengthening me;
14Notwithstanding ye have well done, that ye did communicate with my affliction.but ye did well, having communicated with my tribulation;
15Now ye Philippians know also, that in the beginning of the gospel, when I departed from Macedonia, no church communicated with me as concerning giving and receiving, but ye only.and ye have known, even ye Philippians, that in the beginning of the good news when I went forth from Macedonia, no assembly did communicate with me in regard to giving and receiving except ye only;
16For even in Thessalonica ye sent once and again unto my necessity.because also in Thessalonica, both once and again to my need ye sent;
17Not because I desire a gift: but I desire fruit that may abound to your account.not that I seek after the gift, but I seek after the fruit that is overflowing to your account;
18But I have all, and abound: I am full, having received of Epaphroditus the things which were sent from you, an odour of a sweet smell, a sacrifice acceptable, wellpleasing to God.and I have all things, and abound; I am filled, having received from Epaphroditus the things from you -- an odour of a sweet smell -- a sacrifice acceptable, well-pleasing to God:
19But my God shall supply all your need according to his riches in glory by Christ Jesus.and my God shall supply all your need, according to His riches in glory in Christ Jesus;
20Now unto God and our Father be glory for ever and ever. Amen.and to God, even our Father, `is' the glory -- to the ages of the ages. Amen.
21Salute every saint in Christ Jesus. The brethren which are with me greet you.Salute ye every saint in Christ Jesus; there salute you the brethren with me;
22All the saints salute you, chiefly they that are of Caesar's household.there salute you all the saints, and specially those of Caesar's house;
23The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ `is' with you all. Amen.

Current edition: 2012 Jul 14
http://www.holybooks.info/philippians.html
Parent page: Hebrew Scriptures and Christian Holy Bibles Across Different Traditions

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References: (What's this?)

The Bible (NIV). The NIV is the best translation for accuracy whilst maintaining readability. Multiple authors, a compendium of multiple previously published books. I prefer to take quotes from the NIV but where I quote the Bible en masse I must quote from the KJV because it is not copyrighted, whilst the NIV is. Book Review.

Ehrman, Bart
(2003) Lost Christianities. Hardback book. Published by Oxford University Press, New York, USA.
(2011) Forged. Hardback book. Subtitled: "Writing in the Name of God - Why the Bible's Authors Are Not Who We Think They Are". Published by HarperCollins, New York, USA.

Footnotes

  1. Ehrman (2011) p180.^
  2. From www.ReligiousTolerance.org on 2002 August 19:
    "In his opinion, of the thirteen epistles which say that they were written by Paul, critical scholars have reached a near consensus that seven are Paul's: 1 Thessalonians, Galatians, 1 & 2 Corinthians, Philippians, Philemon and Romans.
    Agreement that he did not write:
    • 1 & 2 Timothy and Titus is about 90%
    • Ephesians is about 80%
    • Colossians is about 60%
    • 2 Thessalonians is a slight majority.
    "

    As an example, the historian Bart Ehrman notes in "Lost Christianities" that "the pastoral letters of 1 and 2 Timothy and Titus [...] claim to be written by Paul, but appear to have been written long after his death"

    Yet other books are pseudonymous - forgeries by people who explicitly claim to be someone else. Included in this group is [...] probably the pastoral Epistles of 1 and 2 Timothy and Titus, quite likely the deutero-Pauline Epistles of 2 Thessalonians, Colossians, and Ephesians, and possibly 1 Peter and Jude.

    "Lost Christianities" by Bart Ehrman (2003)3

    And,

    Virtually all scholars agree that seven of the Pauline letters are authentic: Romans, 1 and 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Philippians, 1 Thessalonians, and Philemon. [...] The other six differ in significant ways from this core group of seven. Three of them - 1 and 2 Timothy and Titus - are so much alike that most scholars are convinced that they were written by the same person. The other three are usually assigned to three different authors.

    "Forged" by Bart Ehrman (2011)4

    ^
  3. Ehrman (2003) chapter 11 "The Invention of Scripture: The Formation of the Proto-orthodox New Testament" p235-236.^
  4. Ehrman (2011) p92. Added to this page on 2014 Jul 14.^

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