The Human Truth Foundation

The Book of Yōnah / Jonah / Jonas

By Vexen Crabtree 2012

Like this page:

Share this page:
Comments:
FB, LJ

Jewish Tanakh
Title: Yōnah
Section: 8th book of Nevi'im - Trei Asar (The Twelve)

Prev: `ōbhadhyah
Next: Mikhayah

Protestant Bibles
Title: Jonah
Section: Minor prophets

Prev: Obadiah
Next: Micah

Catholic Bible
Title: Jonas
Section: Minor prophets

Prev: Abdias
Next: Micheas

Eastern Orthodox Bibles
Title: Jonah
Section: Minor prophets

Prev: Obadiah
Next: Micah

Chapters in Jonah:
1  2  3  4 
Total verses: 48

God threatens to punish the city of Nineveh because the people are sinful, but they repent. Jonah was too scared to go though although God asked him to, so God threw him overboard from his boat, and made him get eaten by a large fish. Jonah prays for forgiveness, and God has the fish regurgitate Jonah onto a beach. The teachings are, of course, that God punishes those who are disobedient and rewards those who are obedient, and being scared is no excuse for not doing what you're told..

1. The 4 chapters of Jonah (48 verses)

Jonah chapter 1 (17 verses)

KJVYLTNotes
1Now the word of the LORD came unto Jonah the son of Amittai, saying,And there is a word of Jehovah unto Jonah son of Amittai, saying:
2Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and cry against it; for their wickedness is come up before me.`Rise, go unto Nineveh, the great city, and proclaim against it that their wickedness hath come up before Me.'
3But Jonah rose up to flee unto Tarshish from the presence of the LORD, and went down to Joppa; and he found a ship going to Tarshish: so he paid the fare thereof, and went down into it, to go with them unto Tarshish from the presence of the LORD.And Jonah riseth to flee to Tarshish from the face of Jehovah, and goeth down `to' Joppa, and findeth a ship going `to' Tarshish, and he giveth its fare, and goeth down into it, to go with them to Tarshish from the face of Jehovah.
4But the LORD sent out a great wind into the sea, and there was a mighty tempest in the sea, so that the ship was like to be broken.And Jehovah hath cast a great wind on the sea, and there is a great tempest in the sea, and the ship hath reckoned to be broken;
5Then the mariners were afraid, and cried every man unto his god, and cast forth the wares that were in the ship into the sea, to lighten it of them. But Jonah was gone down into the sides of the ship; and he lay, and was fast asleep.and the mariners are afraid, and cry each unto his god, and cast the goods that `are' in the ship into the sea, to make `it' light of them; and Jonah hath gone down unto the sides of the vessel, and he lieth down, and is fast asleep.
6So the shipmaster came to him, and said unto him, What meanest thou, O sleeper? arise, call upon thy God, if so be that God will think upon us, that we perish not.And the chief of the company draweth near to him, and saith to him, `What -- to thee, O sleeper? rise, call unto thy God, it may be God doth bethink himself of us, and we do not perish.'
7And they said every one to his fellow, Come, and let us cast lots, that we may know for whose cause this evil is upon us. So they cast lots, and the lot fell upon Jonah.And they say each unto his neighbour, `Come, and we cast lots, and we know on whose account this evil `is' on us.' And they cast lots, and the lot falleth on Jonah.
8Then said they unto him, Tell us, we pray thee, for whose cause this evil is upon us; What is thine occupation? and whence comest thou? what is thy country? and of what people art thou?And they say unto him, `Declare to us, we pray thee, on what account this evil `is' on us? what `is' thine occupation, and whence comest thou? what `is' thy country, seeing thou art not of this people?'
9And he said unto them, I am an Hebrew; and I fear the LORD, the God of heaven, which hath made the sea and the dry land.And he saith unto them, `A Hebrew I `am', and Jehovah, God of the heavens, I am reverencing, who made the sea and the dry land.'
10Then were the men exceedingly afraid, and said unto him. Why hast thou done this? For the men knew that he fled from the presence of the LORD, because he had told them.And the men fear a great fear, and say unto him, `What `is' this thou hast done!' for the men have known that from the face of Jehovah he is fleeing, for he hath told them.
11Then said they unto him, What shall we do unto thee, that the sea may be calm unto us? for the sea wrought, and was tempestuous.And they say unto him, `What do we do to thee that the sea may cease from us, for the sea is more and more tempestuous?'
12And he said unto them, Take me up, and cast me forth into the sea; so shall the sea be calm unto you: for I know that for my sake this great tempest is upon you.And he saith unto them, `Lift me up, and cast me into the sea, and the sea doth cease from you; for I know that on my account this great tempest `is' upon you.'
13Nevertheless the men rowed hard to bring it to the land; but they could not: for the sea wrought, and was tempestuous against them.And the men row to turn back unto the dry land, and are not able, for the sea is more and more tempestuous against them.
14Wherefore they cried unto the LORD, and said, We beseech thee, O LORD, we beseech thee, let us not perish for this man's life, and lay not upon us innocent blood: for thou, O LORD, hast done as it pleased thee.And they cry unto Jehovah, and say, `We pray Thee, O Jehovah, let us not, we pray Thee, perish for this man's life, and do not lay on us innocent blood, for Thou, Jehovah, as Thou hast pleased, Thou hast done.'
15So they look up Jonah, and cast him forth into the sea: and the sea ceased from her raging.And they lift up Jonah, and cast him into the sea, and the sea ceaseth from its raging;
16Then the men feared the LORD exceedingly, and offered a sacrifice unto the LORD, and made vows.and the men fear Jehovah -- a great fear, and sacrifice a sacrifice to Jehovah, and vow vows.
17Now the LORD had prepared a great fish to swallow up Jonah. And Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights.And Jehovah appointeth a great fish to swallow up Jonah, and Jonah is in the bowels of the fish three days and three nights.

Jonah chapter 2 (10 verses)

KJVYLTNotes
1Then Jonah prayed unto the LORD his God out of the fish's belly,And Jonah prayeth unto Jehovah his God from the bowels of the fish.

Jonah 2:8 is referenced on Pascal's Wager is Safer in Reverse: Picking a Religion is Dangerous Business: 3.3. The Christian Bible - Believing the Wrong Things is a Ticket to Hell

2And said, I cried by reason of mine affliction unto the LORD, and he heard me; out of the belly of hell cried I, and thou heardest my voice.And he saith: I called, because of my distress, to Jehovah, And He doth answer me, From the belly of sheol I have cried, Thou hast heard my voice.
3For thou hadst cast me into the deep, in the midst of the seas; and the floods compassed me about: all thy billows and thy waves passed over me.When Thou dost cast me `into' the deep, Into the heart of the seas, Then the flood doth compass me, All Thy breakers and Thy billows have passed over me.
4Then I said, I am cast out of thy sight; yet I will look again toward thy holy temple.And I -- I said: I have been cast out from before Thine eyes, (Yet I add to look unto Thy holy temple!)
5The waters compassed me about, even to the soul: the depth closed me round about, the weeds were wrapped about my head.Compassed me have waters unto the soul, The deep doth compass me, The weed is bound to my head.
6I went down to the bottoms of the mountains; the earth with her bars was about me for ever: yet hast thou brought up my life from corruption, O LORD my God.To the cuttings of mountains I have come down, The earth, her bars `are' behind me to the age. And Thou bringest up from the pit my life, O Jehovah my God.
7When my soul fainted within me I remembered the LORD: and my prayer came in unto thee, into thine holy temple.In the feebleness within me of my soul Jehovah I have remembered, And come in unto Thee doth my prayer, Unto Thy holy temple.
8They that observe lying vanities forsake their own mercy.Those observing lying vanities their own mercy forsake.
9But I will sacrifice unto thee with the voice of thanksgiving; I will pay that that I have vowed. Salvation is of the LORD.And I -- with a voice of thanksgiving -- I sacrifice to Thee, That which I have vowed I complete, Salvation `is' of Jehovah.
10And the LORD spake unto the fish, and it vomited out Jonah upon the dry land.And Jehovah saith to the fish, and it vomiteth out Jonah on the dry land.

Jonah chapter 3 (10 verses)

KJVYLTNotes
1And the word of the LORD came unto Jonah the second time, saying,And there is a word of Jehovah unto Jonah a second time, saying,
2Arise, go unto Nineveh, that great city, and preach unto it the preaching that I bid thee.`Rise, go unto Nineveh, the great city, and proclaim unto it the proclamation that I am speaking unto thee;'
3So Jonah arose, and went unto Nineveh, according to the word of the LORD. Now Nineveh was an exceeding great city of three days' journey.and Jonah riseth, and he goeth unto Nineveh, according to the word of Jehovah. And Nineveh hath been a great city before God, a journey of three days.
4And Jonah began to enter into the city a day's journey, and he cried, and said, Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall be overthrown.And Jonah beginneth to go in to the city a journey of one day, and proclaimeth, and saith, `Yet forty days -- and Nineveh is overturned.'
5So the people of Nineveh believed God, and proclaimed a fast, and put on sackcloth, from the greatest of them even to the least of them.And the men of Nineveh believe in God, and proclaim a fast, and put on sackcloth, from their greatest even unto their least,
6For word came unto the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and he laid his robe from him, and covered him with sackcloth, and sat in ashes.seeing the word doth come unto the king of Nineveh, and he riseth from his throne, and removeth his honourable robe from off him, and spreadeth out sackcloth, and sitteth on the ashes,
7And he caused it to be proclaimed and published through Nineveh by the decree of the king and his nobles, saying, Let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste any thing: let them not feed, nor drink water:and he crieth and saith in Nineveh by a decree of the king and his great ones, saying, `Man and beast, herd and flock -- let them not taste anything, let them not feed, even water let them not drink;
8But let man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and cry mightily unto God: yea, let them turn every one from his evil way, and from the violence that is in their hands.and cover themselves `with' sackcloth let man and beast, and let them call unto God mightily, and let them turn back each from his evil way, and from the violence that `is' in their hands.
9Who can tell if God will turn and repent, and turn away from his fierce anger, that we perish not?Who knoweth? He doth turn back, and God hath repented, and hath turned back from the heat of His anger, and we do not perish.'
10And God saw their works, that they turned from their evil way; and God repented of the evil, that he had said that he would do unto them; and he did it not.And God seeth their works, that they have turned back from their evil way, and God repenteth of the evil that He spake of doing to them, and he hath not done `it'.

Jonah chapter 4 (11 verses) - Jonah was angry and said, "O LORD, take my life." A plant sheltered Jonah but it died. The LORD said, "Should I not pity Nineveh?"1

KJVYLTNotes
1But it displeased Jonah exceedingly, and he was very angry.And it is grievous unto Jonah -- a great evil -- and he is displeased at it;
2And he prayed unto the LORD, and said, I pray thee, O LORD, was not this my saying, when I was yet in my country? Therefore I fled before unto Tarshish: for I knew that thou art a gracious God, and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and repentest thee of the evil.and he prayeth unto Jehovah, and he saith, `I pray Thee, O Jehovah, is not this my word while I was in mine own land -- therefore I was beforehand to flee to Tarshish -- that I have known that Thou `art' a God, gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and abundant in kindness, and repenting of evil?
3Therefore now, O LORD, take, I beseech thee, my life from me; for it is better for me to die than to live.And now, O Jehovah, take, I pray Thee, my soul from me, for better `is' my death than my life.'
4Then said the LORD, Doest thou well to be angry?And Jehovah saith, `Is doing good displeasing to thee?'
5So Jonah went out of the city, and sat on the east side of the city, and there made him a booth, and sat under it in the shadow, till he might see what would become of the city.And Jonah goeth forth from the city, and sitteth on the east of the city, and maketh to himself there a booth, and sitteth under it in the shade, till that he seeth what is in the city.
6And the LORD God prepared a gourd, and made it to come up over Jonah, that it might be a shadow over his head, to deliver him from his grief. So Jonah was exceeding glad of the gourd.And Jehovah God appointeth a gourd, and causeth it to come up over Jonah, to be a shade over his head, to give deliverance to him from his affliction, and Jonah rejoiceth because of the gourd `with' great joy.
7But God prepared a worm when the morning rose the next day, and it smote the gourd that it withered.And God appointeth a worm at the going up of the dawn on the morrow, and it smiteth the gourd, and it drieth up.
8And it came to pass, when the sun did arise, that God prepared a vehement east wind; and the sun beat upon the head of Jonah, that he fainted, and wished in himself to die, and said, It is better for me to die than to live.And it cometh to pass, about the rising of the sun, that God appointeth a cutting east wind, and the sun smiteth on the head of Jonah, and he wrappeth himself up, and asketh his soul to die, and saith, `Better `is' my death than my life.'
9And God said to Jonah, Doest thou well to be angry for the gourd? And he said, I do well to be angry, even unto death.And God saith unto Jonah: `Is doing good displeasing to thee, because of the gourd?' and he saith, `To do good is displeasing to me -- unto death.'
10Then said the LORD, Thou hast had pity on the gourd, for the which thou hast not laboured, neither madest it grow; which came up in a night, and perished in a night:And Jehovah saith, `Thou hast had pity on the gourd, for which thou didst not labour, neither didst thou nourish it, which a son of a night was, and a son of a night perished,
11And should not I spare Nineveh, that great city, wherein are more then sixscore thousand persons that cannot discern between their right hand and their left hand; and also much cattle?and I -- have not I pity on Nineveh, the great city, in which there are more than twelve myriads of human beings, who have not known between their right hand and their left -- and much cattle!'

Current edition: 2012 Jul 14
http://www.holybooks.info/jonah.html
Parent page: Hebrew Scriptures and Christian Holy Bibles Across Different Traditions

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

The Bible (NIV). The NIV is the best translation for accuracy whilst maintaining readability. Multiple authors, a compendium of multiple previously published books. I prefer to take quotes from the NIV but where I quote the Bible en masse I must quote from the KJV because it is not copyrighted, whilst the NIV is. Book Review.

Footnotes

  1. "Brad Warden Chapter Summaries" (not dated) accessed 2013 May 26.^

©2017. All rights reserved.