The Human Truth Foundation

1 Thessalonians - The 1st Epistle of St. Paul to the Thessalonians

By Vexen Crabtree 2012

Like this page:

Share this page:
Comments:
FB, LJ

#christianity

Included as holy:

Protestant Bibles
Title: 1 Thessalonians
Section: New Testament

Prev: Colossians
Next: 2 Thessalonians

Catholic Bible
Title: 1 Thessalonians
Section: New Testament

Prev: Colossians
Next: 2 Thessalonians

Eastern Orthodox Bibles
Title: 1 Thessalonians
Section: New Testament

Prev: Colossians
Next: 2 Thessalonians

Rejected by:
Jewish Tanakh

Chapters in 1 Thessalonians:
1  2  3  4  5 
Total verses: 89

13 of the books of the Christian New Testament are the epistles (letters) of St. Paul, and Paul is the earliest and first Christian author for which we have historical writings1. Seven were probably written by Paul himself and six others have been written in his name by (anonymous) followers, some up to 80 years after his death. By the time the official Bible canon was produced, no-one knew that only some were genuine. The historical Paul probably did write 1 Thessalonians, Galatians, 1 Corinthians and 2 Corinthians, Philippians, Philemon and Romans. Letters forged in the name of Paul are 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus, Ephesians, Colossians and 2 Thessalonians.2. Paul was born in Tarsus as "Saul" and adopted the name of Paul after converting to what is now Christianity. He was an early leader of the growing Christian churches around the Roman Empire, and the writings of St. Paul are the earliest existing Christian writings known to historians. Despite this, Paul never met Jesus and appears to rely mostly on Greek myths and legends, many of which he copied, placing Jesus at the center of them instead of their original heroes.

"St Paul - History, Biblical Epistles, Gnosticism and Mithraism" by Vexen Crabtree (1999)


1. The 5 chapters of 1 Thessalonians (89 verses)

1 Thessalonians chapter 1 (10 verses)

KJVYLTNotes
1Paul, and Silvanus, and Timotheus, unto the church of the Thessalonians which is in God the Father and in the Lord Jesus Christ: Grace be unto you, and peace, from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.Paul, and Silvanus, and Timotheus, to the assembly of Thessalonians in God the Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ: Grace to you, and peace, from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ!
2We give thanks to God always for you all, making mention of you in our prayers;We give thanks to God always for you all, making mention of you in our prayers,
3Remembering without ceasing your work of faith, and labour of love, and patience of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ, in the sight of God and our Father;unceasingly remembering of you the work of the faith, and the labour of the love, and the endurance of the hope, of our Lord Jesus Christ, in the presence of our God and Father,
4Knowing, brethren beloved, your election of God.having known, brethren beloved, by God, your election,
5For our gospel came not unto you in word only, but also in power, and in the Holy Ghost, and in much assurance; as ye know what manner of men we were among you for your sake.because our good news did not come to you in word only, but also in power, and in the Holy Spirit, and in much assurance, even as ye have known of what sort we became among you because of you,
6And ye became followers of us, and of the Lord, having received the word in much affliction, with joy of the Holy Ghost.and ye -- ye did become imitators of us, and of the Lord, having received the word in much tribulation, with joy of the Holy Spirit,
7So that ye were ensamples to all that believe in Macedonia and Achaia.so that ye became patterns to all those believing in Macedonia and Achaia,
8For from you sounded out the word of the Lord not only in Macedonia and Achaia, but also in every place your faith to God-ward is spread abroad; so that we need not to speak any thing.for from you hath sounded forth the word of the Lord, not only in Macedonia and Achaia, but also in every place your faith toward God did go forth, so that we have no need to say anything,
9For they themselves shew of us what manner of entering in we had unto you, and how ye turned to God from idols to serve the living and true God;for they themselves concerning us do declare what entrance we had unto you, and how ye did turn unto God from the idols, to serve a living and true God,
10And to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, even Jesus, which delivered us from the wrath to come.and to wait for His Son from the heavens, whom He did raise out of the dead -- Jesus, who is rescuing us from the anger that is coming.

1 Thessalonians chapter 2 (20 verses)

KJVYLTNotes
1For yourselves, brethren, know our entrance in unto you, that it was not in vain:For yourselves have known, brethren, our entrance in unto you, that it did not become vain,

1 Thessalonians 2:14-16 is mentioned on Christian Moral Theory and Morality in Action: Biblical Morals and Social Disaster

1 Thessalonians 2:14-16 is discussed on Anti-Semitism: 2000 Years of Christian Love: 9. Biblical Reasons for Christian Anti-Semitism

1 Thessalonians 2:14-16 comments: Anti-Semitism: 2000 Years of Christian Love: 12. Conclusions

1 Thessalonians 2:14-16 comments: Anti-Semitism

Some comments on 1 Thessalonians 2:14-16 are on Christian Extremism, Intolerance and Resurgent Fundamentalism: 5. Antisemitism

1 Thessalonians 2:15: Anti-Semitism: 2000 Years of Christian Love: 9. Biblical Reasons for Christian Anti-Semitism

2But even after that we had suffered before, and were shamefully entreated, as ye know, at Philippi, we were bold in our God to speak unto you the gospel of God with much contention.but having both suffered before, and having been injuriously treated (as ye have known) in Philippi, we were bold in our God to speak unto you the good news of God in much conflict,
3For our exhortation was not of deceit, nor of uncleanness, nor in guile:for our exhortation `is' not out of deceit, nor out of uncleanness, nor in guile,
4But as we were allowed of God to be put in trust with the gospel, even so we speak; not as pleasing men, but God, which trieth our hearts.but as we have been approved by God to be entrusted with the good news, so we speak, not as pleasing men, but God, who is proving our hearts,
5For neither at any time used we flattering words, as ye know, nor a cloke of covetousness; God is witness:for at no time did we come with speech of flattery, (as ye have known,) nor in a pretext for covetousness, (God `is' witness!)
6Nor of men sought we glory, neither of you, nor yet of others, when we might have been burdensome, as the apostles of Christ.nor seeking of men glory, neither from you nor from others, being able to be burdensome, as Christ's apostles.
7But we were gentle among you, even as a nurse cherisheth her children:But we became gentle in your midst, as a nurse may cherish her own children,
8So being affectionately desirous of you, we were willing to have imparted unto you, not the gospel of God only, but also our own souls, because ye were dear unto us.so being desirous of you, we are well-pleased to impart to you not only the good news of God, but also our own souls, because beloved ye have become to us,
9For ye remember, brethren, our labour and travail: for labouring night and day, because we would not be chargeable unto any of you, we preached unto you the gospel of God.for ye remember, brethren, our labour and travail, for, night and day working not to be a burden upon any of you, we did preach to you the good news of God;
10Ye are witnesses, and God also, how holily and justly and unblameably we behaved ourselves among you that believe:ye `are' witnesses -- God also -- how kindly and righteously, and blamelessly to you who believe we became,
11As ye know how we exhorted and comforted and charged every one of you, as a father doth his children,even as ye have known, how each one of you, as a father his own children, we are exhorting you, and comforting, and testifying,
12That ye would walk worthy of God, who hath called you unto his kingdom and glory.for your walking worthily of God, who is calling you to His own reign and glory.
13For this cause also thank we God without ceasing, because, when ye received the word of God which ye heard of us, ye received it not as the word of men, but as it is in truth, the word of God, which effectually worketh also in you that believe.Because of this also, we -- we do give thanks to God continually, that, having received the word of hearing from us of God, ye accepted, not the word of man, but as it is truly, the word of God, who also doth work in you who believe;
14For ye, brethren, became followers of the churches of God which in Judaea are in Christ Jesus: for ye also have suffered like things of your own countrymen, even as they have of the Jews:for ye became imitators, brethren, of the assemblies of God that are in Judea in Christ Jesus, because such things ye suffered, even ye, from your own countrymen, as also they from the Jews,
15Who both killed the Lord Jesus, and their own prophets, and have persecuted us; and they please not God, and are contrary to all men:who did both put to death the Lord Jesus and their own prophets, and did persecute us, and God they are not pleasing, and to all men `are' contrary,
16Forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles that they might be saved, to fill up their sins alway: for the wrath is come upon them to the uttermost.forbidding us to speak to the nations that they might be saved, to fill up their sins always, but the anger did come upon them -- to the end!
17But we, brethren, being taken from you for a short time in presence, not in heart, endeavoured the more abundantly to see your face with great desire.And we, brethren, having been taken from you for the space of an hour -- in presence, not in heart -- did hasten the more abundantly to see your face in much desire,
18Wherefore we would have come unto you, even I Paul, once and again; but Satan hindered us.wherefore we wished to come unto you, (I indeed Paul,) both once and again, and the Adversary did hinder us;
19For what is our hope, or joy, or crown of rejoicing? Are not even ye in the presence of our Lord Jesus Christ at his coming?for what `is' our hope, or joy, or crown of rejoicing? are not even ye before our Lord Jesus Christ in his presence?
20For ye are our glory and joy.for ye are our glory and joy.

1 Thessalonians chapter 3 (13 verses)

KJVYLTNotes
1Wherefore when we could no longer forbear, we thought it good to be left at Athens alone;Wherefore no longer forbearing, we thought good to be left in Athens alone,
2And sent Timotheus, our brother, and minister of God, and our fellowlabourer in the gospel of Christ, to establish you, and to comfort you concerning your faith:and did send Timotheus -- our brother, and a ministrant of God, and our fellow-workman in the good news of the Christ -- to establish you, and to comfort you concerning your faith,
3That no man should be moved by these afflictions: for yourselves know that we are appointed thereunto.that no one be moved in these tribulations, for yourselves have known that for this we are set,
4For verily, when we were with you, we told you before that we should suffer tribulation; even as it came to pass, and ye know.for even when we were with you, we said to you beforehand, that we are about to suffer tribulation, as also it did come to pass, and ye have known `it';
5For this cause, when I could no longer forbear, I sent to know your faith, lest by some means the tempter have tempted you, and our labour be in vain.because of this also, I, no longer forbearing, did send to know your faith, lest he who is tempting did tempt you, and in vain might be our labour.
6But now when Timotheus came from you unto us, and brought us good tidings of your faith and charity, and that ye have good remembrance of us always, desiring greatly to see us, as we also to see you:And now Timotheus having come unto us from you, and having declared good news to us of your faith and love, and that ye have a good remembrance of us always, desiring much to see us, as we also `to see' you,
7Therefore, brethren, we were comforted over you in all our affliction and distress by your faith:because of this we were comforted, brethren, over you, in all our tribulation and necessity, through your faith,
8For now we live, if ye stand fast in the Lord.because now we live, if ye may stand fast in the Lord;
9For what thanks can we render to God again for you, for all the joy wherewith we joy for your sakes before our God;for what thanks are we able to recompense to God for you, for all the joy with which we do joy because of you in the presence of our God?
10Night and day praying exceedingly that we might see your face, and might perfect that which is lacking in your faith?night and day exceedingly beseeching, that we might see your face, and perfect the things lacking in your faith.
11Now God himself and our Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ, direct our way unto you.And our God and Father Himself, and our Lord Jesus Christ, direct our way unto you,
12And the Lord make you to increase and abound in love one toward another, and toward all men, even as we do toward you:and you the Lord cause to increase and to abound in the love to one another, and to all, even as we also to you,
13To the end he may stablish your hearts unblameable in holiness before God, even our Father, at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ with all his saints.to the establishing your hearts blameless in sanctification before our God and Father, in the presence of our Lord Jesus Christ with all His saints.

1 Thessalonians chapter 4 (18 verses)

KJVYLTNotes
1Furthermore then we beseech you, brethren, and exhort you by the Lord Jesus, that as ye have received of us how ye ought to walk and to please God, so ye would abound more and more.As to the rest, then, brethren, we request you, and call upon you in the Lord Jesus, as ye did receive from us how it behoveth you to walk and to please God, that ye may abound the more,

For more on 1 Thessalonians 4:3 see Christianity and Sexuality: The Damaging Results of Faulty Teachings

Some comments on 1 Thessalonians 4:3 are on The Peacock vs. the Ostrich - Religious Behaviour and Sexuality: 3. Christianity: The Anti-Sex Message of the Church Produces Sexual Dysfunction

1 Thessalonians 4:13-18: Souls do not Exist: Evidence from Science & Philosophy Against Mind-Body Dualism: 5. Religion

1 Thessalonians 4:13-18 is discussed on What Do Religions Say About Souls?

Some comments on 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18 are on What Do Religions Say About Souls?: 2.3. Christianity: No Souls, Only Physical Resurrection

1 Thessalonians 4:16-18 is mentioned on Christianity v. Astronomy: The Earth Orbits the Sun!: 5.1. Christian Arguments Against Astronomy

1 Thessalonians 4:16-18 is referenced on Christianity v. Astronomy: The Earth Orbits the Sun!: 8. Conclusions

1 Thessalonians 4:16-18 is mentioned on Christianity's 7 Day Creation Myth: 8. Conclusions

1 Thessalonians 4:16-18: See Mass Belief and the False Consensus Effect: Everyone Believes It So It Must Be True!: 3.2. The Earth is Flat, at the Center of the Universe, and the Sun Revolves Around it (3rd Century to present day)

1 Thessalonians 4:16-18 appears on Religion and Intelligence: 1.1. Bias When Searching for Truth

1 Thessalonians 4:16-17 is referenced on The End of the World is Nigh! The Dangers of Apocalyptism and End-Times Beliefs: 8.1. The Imminent End of the World in the Christian Bible

1 Thessalonians 4:16-18 is referenced on The End of the World is Nigh! The Dangers of Apocalyptism and End-Times Beliefs: 8.1. The Imminent End of the World in the Christian Bible

1 Thessalonians 4:16-18 is referenced on Science and Religion: 1. Religion Acting Against Science: The Dark Ages

2For ye know what commandments we gave you by the Lord Jesus.for ye have known what commands we gave you through the Lord Jesus,
3For this is the will of God, even your sanctification, that ye should abstain from fornication:for this is the will of God -- your sanctification; that ye abstain from the whoredom,
4That every one of you should know how to possess his vessel in sanctification and honour;that each of you know his own vessel to possess in sanctification and honour,
5Not in the lust of concupiscence, even as the Gentiles which know not God:not in the affection of desire, as also the nations that were not knowing God,
6That no man go beyond and defraud his brother in any matter: because that the Lord is the avenger of all such, as we also have forewarned you and testified.that no one go beyond and defraud in the matter his brother, because an avenger `is' the Lord of all these, as also we spake before to you and testified,
7For God hath not called us unto uncleanness, but unto holiness.for God did not call us on uncleanness, but in sanctification;
8He therefore that despiseth, despiseth not man, but God, who hath also given unto us his holy Spirit.he, therefore, who is despising -- doth not despise man, but God, who also did give His Holy Spirit to us.
9But as touching brotherly love ye need not that I write unto you: for ye yourselves are taught of God to love one another.And concerning the brotherly love, ye have no need of `my' writing to you, for ye yourselves are God-taught to love one another,
10And indeed ye do it toward all the brethren which are in all Macedonia: but we beseech you, brethren, that ye increase more and more;for ye do it also to all the brethren who `are' in all Macedonia; and we call upon you, brethren, to abound still more,
11And that ye study to be quiet, and to do your own business, and to work with your own hands, as we commanded you;and to study to be quiet, and to do your own business, and to work with your own hands, as we did command you,
12That ye may walk honestly toward them that are without, and that ye may have lack of nothing.that ye may walk becomingly unto those without, and may have lack of nothing.
13But I would not have you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning them which are asleep, that ye sorrow not, even as others which have no hope.And I do not wish you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning those who have fallen asleep, that ye may not sorrow, as also the rest who have not hope,
14For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him.for if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, so also God those asleep through Jesus he will bring with him,
15For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep.for this to you we say in the word of the Lord, that we who are living -- who do remain over to the presence of the Lord -- may not precede those asleep,
16For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first:because the Lord himself, in a shout, in the voice of a chief-messenger, and in the trump of God, shall come down from heaven, and the dead in Christ shall rise first,
17Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord.then we who are living, who are remaining over, together with them shall be caught away in clouds to meet the Lord in air, and so always with the Lord we shall be;
18Wherefore comfort one another with these words.so, then, comfort ye one another in these words.

1 Thessalonians chapter 5 (28 verses)

KJVYLTNotes
1But of the times and the seasons, brethren, ye have no need that I write unto you.And concerning the times and the seasons, brethren, ye have no need of my writing to you,

1 Thessalonians 5:17 is referenced on What Does the Christian Bible say About Prayer? How Should Christians Pray?: 2. Pray a Lot - But Use Not Repetitions

2For yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so cometh as a thief in the night.for yourselves have known thoroughly that the day of the Lord as a thief in the night doth so come,
3For when they shall say, Peace and safety; then sudden destruction cometh upon them, as travail upon a woman with child; and they shall not escape.for when they may say, Peace and surety, then sudden destruction doth stand by them, as the travail `doth' her who is with child, and they shall not escape;
4But ye, brethren, are not in darkness, that that day should overtake you as a thief.and ye, brethren, are not in darkness, that the day may catch you as a thief;
5Ye are all the children of light, and the children of the day: we are not of the night, nor of darkness.all ye are sons of light, and sons of day; we are not of night, nor of darkness,
6Therefore let us not sleep, as do others; but let us watch and be sober.so, then, we may not sleep as also the others, but watch and be sober,
7For they that sleep sleep in the night; and they that be drunken are drunken in the night.for those sleeping, by night do sleep, and those making themselves drunk, by night are drunken,
8But let us, who are of the day, be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love; and for an helmet, the hope of salvation.and we, being of the day -- let us be sober, putting on a breastplate of faith and love, and an helmet -- a hope of salvation,
9For God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ,because God did not appoint us to anger, but to the acquiring of salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ,
10Who died for us, that, whether we wake or sleep, we should live together with him.who did die for us, that whether we wake -- whether we sleep -- together with him we may live;
11Wherefore comfort yourselves together, and edify one another, even as also ye do.wherefore, comfort ye one another, and build ye up, one the one, as also ye do.
12And we beseech you, brethren, to know them which labour among you, and are over you in the Lord, and admonish you;And we ask you, brethren, to know those labouring among you, and leading you in the Lord, and admonishing you,
13And to esteem them very highly in love for their work's sake. And be at peace among yourselves.and to esteem them very abundantly in love, because of their work; be at peace among yourselves;
14Now we exhort you, brethren, warn them that are unruly, comfort the feebleminded, support the weak, be patient toward all men.and we exhort you, brethren, admonish the disorderly, comfort the feeble-minded, support the infirm, be patient unto all;
15See that none render evil for evil unto any man; but ever follow that which is good, both among yourselves, and to all men.see no one evil for evil may render to any one, but always that which is good pursue ye, both to one another and to all;
16Rejoice evermore.always rejoice ye;
17Pray without ceasing.continually pray ye;
18In every thing give thanks: for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus concerning you.in every thing give thanks, for this `is' the will of God in Christ Jesus in regard to you.
19Quench not the Spirit.The Spirit quench not;
20Despise not prophesyings.prophesyings despise not;
21Prove all things; hold fast that which is good.all things prove; that which is good hold fast;
22Abstain from all appearance of evil.from all appearance of evil abstain ye;
23And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and I pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.and the God of the peace Himself sanctify you wholly, and may your whole spirit, and soul, and body, be preserved unblameably in the presence of our Lord Jesus Christ;
24Faithful is he that calleth you, who also will do it.stedfast is He who is calling you, who also will do `it'.
25Brethren, pray for us.Brethren, pray for us;
26Greet all the brethren with an holy kiss.salute all the brethren in an holy kiss;
27I charge you by the Lord that this epistle be read unto all the holy brethren.I charge you `by' the Lord, that the letter be read to all the holy brethren;
28The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen.the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ `is' with you! Amen.

Current edition: 2012 Jul 14
http://www.holybooks.info/1_thessalonians.html
Parent page: Hebrew Scriptures and Christian Holy Bibles Across Different Traditions

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#christianity

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

The Bible (NIV). The NIV is the best translation for accuracy whilst maintaining readability. Multiple authors, a compendium of multiple previously published books. I prefer to take quotes from the NIV but where I quote the Bible en masse I must quote from the KJV because it is not copyrighted, whilst the NIV is. Book Review.

Ehrman, Bart
(2003) Lost Christianities. Hardback book. Published by Oxford University Press, New York, USA.
(2011) Forged. Hardback book. Subtitled: "Writing in the Name of God - Why the Bible's Authors Are Not Who We Think They Are". Published by HarperCollins, New York, USA.

Footnotes

  1. Ehrman (2011) p180.^
  2. From www.ReligiousTolerance.org on 2002 August 19:
    "In his opinion, of the thirteen epistles which say that they were written by Paul, critical scholars have reached a near consensus that seven are Paul's: 1 Thessalonians, Galatians, 1 & 2 Corinthians, Philippians, Philemon and Romans.
    Agreement that he did not write:
    • 1 & 2 Timothy and Titus is about 90%
    • Ephesians is about 80%
    • Colossians is about 60%
    • 2 Thessalonians is a slight majority.
    "

    As an example, the historian Bart Ehrman notes in "Lost Christianities" that "the pastoral letters of 1 and 2 Timothy and Titus [...] claim to be written by Paul, but appear to have been written long after his death"

    Yet other books are pseudonymous - forgeries by people who explicitly claim to be someone else. Included in this group is [...] probably the pastoral Epistles of 1 and 2 Timothy and Titus, quite likely the deutero-Pauline Epistles of 2 Thessalonians, Colossians, and Ephesians, and possibly 1 Peter and Jude.

    "Lost Christianities" by Bart Ehrman (2003)3

    And,

    Virtually all scholars agree that seven of the Pauline letters are authentic: Romans, 1 and 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Philippians, 1 Thessalonians, and Philemon. [...] The other six differ in significant ways from this core group of seven. Three of them - 1 and 2 Timothy and Titus - are so much alike that most scholars are convinced that they were written by the same person. The other three are usually assigned to three different authors.

    "Forged" by Bart Ehrman (2011)4

    ^
  3. Ehrman (2003) chapter 11 "The Invention of Scripture: The Formation of the Proto-orthodox New Testament" p235-236.^
  4. Ehrman (2011) p92. Added to this page on 2014 Jul 14.^

©2017 Vexen Crabtree all rights reserved.
This site uses the HTF Disclaimer (as linked here)